Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
Center for Jewish Community Studies
5762-5763 / January-December 2002
The Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs was founded in 1976 by Professor Daniel J. Elazar, z”l, as an independent, non-profit institute for policy research and education serving Israel and the Jewish people. This Annual Report covers the period from January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2002, and includes the Jewish year 5762.
During 2002, Israel faced a continued wave of terrorist homicide bombings and drive-by shootings that took a horrible toll of innocent lives. At the same time, Israel found itself increasingly isolated on the world stage, as evidenced by the Durban conference that sought to revive the canard that “Zionism equals racism.”
As the think-tank of the Jewish people, the Jerusalem Center saw a clear need to become more active in helping to present Israel's case before the court of world opinion, and did so in 2002 through the publication of the Daily Alert hyperlinked news bulletin, Jerusalem Issue Briefs experts' briefings, and Jerusalem Viewpoints in-depth analyses, to help inform opinion-makers and the Jewish leadership.
Other major research initiatives undertaken by the Jerusalem Center in 2002 included:
- Global Terrorism – Using previously unpublished documents, JCPA President Dr. Dore Gold explored the influence of Saudi Wahhabism on 9/11 – in what became a New York Times bestselling book, Hatred's Kingdom: How Saudi Arabia Supports the New Global Terrorism (Regnery, 2003).
Illegal Construction in Jerusalem – Scholar-in-Residence Justus Reid Weiner undertook a major study of Illegal Construction in Jerusalem: A Variation on an Alarming Global Phenomenon, to be published in 2003.
Privatization in the Israeli Economy – Three volumes were published in 2002 as part of our comprehensive series, spanning more than a decade, to study the application and impact of privatization policy in Israel.
Post-Holocaust and Anti-Semitism – A program of research on anti-Semitism after the Holocaust and up to the present day, its roots and lessons, and its manifestations and scope throughout the world – including conferences, lectures, and publication of the Post-Holocaust and Anti-Semitism series of essays and interviews.
Water in Israel and the Region Toward the Year 2020 – A comprehensive study of water in the region by Israel's leading experts from the hydrological, economic, and strategic perspective, including projections and recommendations for water policy, to appear in Hebrew and English.
Jews and Religion in the American Public Square – A program initiated and funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts as part of their larger project looking at changes in the relationship between religion and public life in the United States.
International Jewish Women's Human Rights Watch – This project seeks to raise awareness of the problems of agunot – women who are unable to remarry because their husbands refuse to grant them a religious divorce. In 2002, Project Director Sharon Shenhav became the first woman ever to be elected to the Government Commission on the Appointment of Dayanim (Jewish religious judges).
This Annual Report details the Jerusalem Center's activities on these and other programs undertaken in 2002. While this sounds like a very diverse agenda, a closer look will show that every one of our products overlaps into more than one sphere, so that all are interconnected to form a common whole, dealing with the critical long-term agenda of the Jewish people in our time.
I. REGIONAL DIPLOMACY IN THE MIDDLE EAST
Presenting Israel's Case
The Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs undertakes wide-ranging activity on the international scene to present Israel's case, publishing the Daily Alert, Jerusalem Issue Briefs, and Jerusalem Viewpoints to help inform world opinion-makers and the Jewish leadership.
In May 2002 the Jerusalem Center began production of the Daily Alert – a digest of hyperlinked news and commentary on Israel and the Mideast, prepared for the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations – offering an insider's overview of breaking news from the world and Hebrew press. The Daily Alert has become a leading news source for opinion-makers throughout the English-speaking world for its “concise and highly informative” treatment of the news. The project is directed by JCPA/CJCS President Dr. Dore Gold, with the assistance of Lenny Ben-David and JCPA Publications Coordinator Mark Ami-El.
Most gratifying is the “fan mail” that attests to the success of the Daily Alert in offering hyperlinked “nuggets” of news in a tightly-edited, compact format – 2 pages on Monday through Thursday, with a Friday weekend edition of 4-5 pages.
I cannot tell you how excellent, timely and comprehensive the Daily Alert is. This is one of the most effective sites I have ever seen. You earn the Jewish community's gratitude.
The stories and editorials you select consistently deal with the most relevant issues. The Daily Alert is one of the first things I turn to in the morning for information and insight on what may be the talk of the town that day. I'm better prepared because of them. – (name withheld), U.S. State Department
The Daily Alerts are an invaluable tool to me in the educational work I do with my congregation, as well as the work I do with local non-Jewish clergy. Thank you, thank you, thank you for providing this exceptional service.
Your Daily Alert is superb. I'm constantly amazed by your ability to cull the choicest nuggets from the formidable mass of material available. Your efforts have proven invaluable to me in my work.
Jerusalem Issue Briefs of the Institute for Contemporary Affairs (ICA)
The Institute for Contemporary Affairs (ICA), a 5-year program founded in 2002 jointly with the Wechsler Family Foundation, arranges briefings twice a month for the diplomatic corps and the foreign press on current issues by leading Israeli experts in the media, academia, and the military. In 2002, ICA speakers and topics included:
- Brig. Gen. Eival Gilady, Head of the IDF Strategic Planning Branch, “Why Arafat Went to War: The Wrong Lessons from Lebanon and Kosovo,” May 27, 2002
- Ehud Yaari, Middle East commentator for Israel's Channel 2 Television, “The Israeli-Palestinian Confrontation: Toward a Divorce,” June 17, 2002
- Former Defense Minister Moshe Arens, “Missile Proliferation in the Middle East,” July 29, 2002
- Ehud Olmert, Mayor of Jerusalem, “Maintaining Order in Jerusalem in a Time of Terror and Disorder,” August 5, 2002
- Emanuel Sivan, professor of Islamic history at Hebrew University, “Approaching the Second September 11 – The Threats of Radical Islam Today,” August 29, 2002
- Ze'ev Schiff, Military and Strategic Affairs Editor, Ha'aretz, “Iraq: The Israel Case and the Regional Conflict,” September 30, 2002
- Maj. Gen. Amos Gilad, Coordinator for the Administered Territories, “The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict: Into the Third Year,” October 16, 2002.
- Alan Baker, Legal Advisor, Foreign Ministry, and Col. Daniel Reisner, Head of IDF International Law Department, “Terrorism and International War Crimes,” November 25, 2002
- Minister Dan Meridor, “Israel's Deterrent Ability in the Face of Terrorism and Non-Conventional Threats,” December 30, 2002
The information provided at these briefings often becomes the source for the Jerusalem Center's concise, fact-laden, Jerusalem Issue Brief series of reports, distributed by fax and email to key opinion-makers in North America and Europe. ICA is directed by Lenny Ben-David, and is guided by a Steering Committee that includes Dr. Dore Gold, JCPA/CJCS Director-General Zvi Marom, JCPA/CJCS Fellow Prof. Gerald M. Steinberg, and JCPA Scholar in Residence Justus Weiner, Esq. See Appendix II for a complete list of Jerusalem Issue Briefs published in 2002.
Since 1978, the Jerusalem Center's flagship Jerusalem Letter and Jerusalem Letter/Viewpoints have provided in-depth reports and analysis on changing events in Israel, the Middle East, and the Jewish world. Specific issues analyzed are discussed throughout this Annual Report. See Appendix I for a complete list of Jerusalem Viewpoints appearing in 2002.
Reporting on Regional Diplomacy in the Middle East
The Jerusalem Center sponsored the publication of a number of important studies that discuss various aspects of regional diplomacy in the Middle East in 2002, all of which appeared both in print in the Jerusalem Viewpoints and on the Internet:
- Dr. Dore Gold argues in “From 'Occupied Territories' to 'Disputed Territories'” (VP #470) that the politically-loaded terms “occupied territories” or “occupation” seem to apply only to Israel and are hardly ever used when other territorial disputes are discussed. Israel possesses legal rights with respect to the West Bank and Gaza Strip about which many appear to be unaware.
- In “The Way to Peace Emerged at Madrid: A Decade Since the 1991 Madrid Conference” (VP #472), former Foreign Ministry Director General Eytan Bentsur suggests that the Oslo process failed because it placed the Palestinian aspect at the forefront at the expense of the general Arab-Israeli and multilateral tracks, thus weakening the momentum of normalization that accompanied the Madrid process.
- China expert Prof. Jonathan Adelman calls on Israel to recognize the serious constraints imposed on its arms sales policy by its close and highly beneficial relationship with the United States in “The Phalcon Sale to China: The Lessons for Israel” (VP #473).
- In “Whose Fault was the Failure of Camp David?” (VP #474), Jerusalem Post editorials editor Saul Singer argues that the error of Camp David lay in the belief that the Palestinians would accept Israel's existence at a time of perceived Israeli and American weakness. The talks were built on the premise that negotiating peace would tame radicalism, but the only way to reach peace is to reverse the process and to squelch Arab and Islamic radicalism first.
- In light of the assertion that democracies are inherently peaceful, and that they do not wage war against other democracies, JCPA/CJCS Associate Joel S. Fishman looks at “The Broken Promise of the Democratic Peace: Israel and the Palestinian Authority” (VP #477).
- According to JCPA/CJCS Fellow and international law expert Ruth Lapidoth, in “Legal Aspects of the Palestinian Refugee Question” (VP #485), UN General Assembly Resolution 194 of 11 December 1948 does not recognize any “right” to return, but recommends that refugees “should” be “permitted” to return, subject to the condition that the refugee wishes to live at peace with his neighbors.
- Lt. Col. Jonathan D. Halevi, in “Understanding the Breakdown of Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations” (VP #486), concludes that for the PA, PLO, and Fatah, the correction of the “historic wrong” inflicted upon the Palestinian people by the eruption of Zionism still remains the leading Palestinian policy, and it is being implemented in a pragmatic manner according to the “Doctrine of Stages,” which is aimed at achieving the destruction of the Zionist enterprise in Palestine.
- Prof. Gerald M. Steinberg, in “The Quartet, the Road Map, and the Future of Iraq: A Realistic Assessment” (VP #489), warns that a reliance on monitors from the Quartet to insure an end to all acts of terrorism and to enforce and verify the security agreements lacks credibility, particularly in light of the failure to act to disarm Hizballah following the Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon in May 2000.
Israel's Rights in Jerusalem
The Jerusalem Center's project on Israel's Rights in Jerusalem continued this year with the completion of JCPA Scholar-in-Residence Justus Reid Weiner's groundbreaking research study of Illegal Construction in Jerusalem, Causes and Effects: A Variation on an Alarming Global Phenomenon.
Based on scores of interviews from across the political spectrum – from Mayor Ehud Olmert to Sari Nusseibeh, original documents, and on-site inspections, Weiner's heavily illustrated new study discredits the conventional wisdom about the causes and effects of illegal building, and documents a pattern of politically-motivated behavior and criminal profiteering that characterizes much of the construction in the Arab sector of the Holy City.
In the Jewish neighborhoods, illegal construction typically takes the form of additions to existing legal structures – such as closing a balcony or hollowing out under a building to create an extra room. In the Arab sector, however, illegal construction often takes the form of entire multi-floor buildings with 4 to 25 living units, built with the financial assistance of the Palestinian Authority on land that is not owned by the builder.
Reporting on Israel's Rights in Jerusalem
In “Armistice in Jerusalem Once Again?” (VP #469), JCPA/CJCS Fellow Raphael Israeli, who as an IDF officer dealt with the Israeli-Jordanian armistice model of the 1960s, presents a number of lessons and conclusions from that experience.
In “The Destruction of the Temple Mount Antiquities” (VP #483), JCPA/CJCS Publications Coordinator Mark Ami-El reports on how Palestinians and Israeli Arabs are seeking to wipe out every vestige and testimony to the existence of Jewish history and archeology at the site of the Temple Mount.
David Raab discusses how the large, segmented, U.S. Christian community holds diverse theological and political views pertaining to Jews, Israel, and Jerusalem, in “Understanding American Christian Attitudes Regarding Jerusalem” (VP #484).
Saudi Arabia and Terror
Using previously unpublished documents, JCPA/CJCS President Dr. Dore Gold explored the influence of Saudi Wahhabism on 9/11 – in what became a New York Times bestseller: Hatred's Kingdom: How Saudi Arabia Supports the New Global Terrorism (Regnery, 2003).
Dr. Gold “debunks much of the conventional wisdom, establishing in a systematic way the dark reality of Saudi involvement in fomenting terror. Gold also explains the central role played by the Wahhabi sect in shaping the broader current of Islamic extremism. As he extensively documents, the Saudis have sheltered and co-opted virtually every Islamist ideologue and movement of the past century....As Gold quotes one radical cleric, 'Osama bin Laden is a natural continuation from Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab.'”
Alex Alexiev, Commentary Magazine, May 2003
In “Saudi Arabia, Stability, and International Islamic Terror” (VP #481), JCPA/CJCS Fellow Mordechai Abir details how Saudi loathing for Westerners relates to their being Christian and representing a dominant and successful civilization with a “materialistic culture” and superior military-political power and technology that has humiliated the world of Islam.
Impact of the Media on Regional Diplomacy
The following studies of the impact of the media on regional diplomacy in the Middle East were published in 2002:
- In “Poison: The Use of Blood Libel in the War Against Israel” (VP #476), JCPA/CJCS Fellow Raphael Israeli reviews how Palestinian fabrications, reminiscent of blood libels against the Jews throughout the ages, are part of the ongoing Arab war against Israel.
- Muhammad Al-Dura, the poster child of the current Palestinian uprising, was not killed by IDF gunfire at Netzarim junction, according to an inquiry by the German ARD television network based on a study by Israeli physicist Nahum Shahaf. The Palestinians, in cooperation with foreign journalists and the UN, arranged a well-staged production, according to an investigative report by Israeli journalist Amnon Lord in “Who Killed Muhammad Al-Dura? Blood Libel – Model 2000” (VP #482).
- JCPA/Institute for Contemporary Affairs media consultant Dan Diker proposes a range of answers to the question: “Why Are Israel's Public Relations So Poor?” (VP #487).
II. PROGRAM IN THE AMERICAN JEWISH COMMUNITY
Jews and Religion in the American Public Square
In 2002, the Jerusalem Center's U.S. office, the Center for Jewish Community Studies, continued a three-year, $1,250,000 program initiated and funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts as part of their larger project looking at changes in the relationship between religion and public life in the United States. Two books have been published as part of this program – Jewish Polity and American Civil Society and Jews and the American Public Square: Debating Religion and Republic, with a third volume, Religion as a Public Good, edited by JCPA/CJCS Fellow Prof. Alan Mittleman, now in preparation, all published by Rowman & Littlefield. The project is directed by Prof. Mittleman, assisted by an advisory board that includes Prof. Rela Mintz Geffen, Prof. Jonathan Sarna, and Dr. Robert Licht.
Religion as a Public Good – Contents
- Introduction – Alan Mittleman
- The Liberal Social Contract and the Privatization of Religion – Jean Bethke Elshtain
- “A Proper Blessing?”: The Jew and the American Public Square – Marc Dollinger
- The Theological-Political Predicament of American Jewry – Alan Mittleman
- The Probable Persistence of American Jewish Liberalism – Kenneth D. Wald
- The Need for a Wall Separating Church and State: Why the Establishment Clause Is So Important for Jews and Why Jews Are So Important for the Establishment Clause – Erwin Chemerinsky
- American Jewry, Pre- and Post-9/11 – Gertrude Himmelfarb
- Traditional Judaism and American Citizenship – William A. Galston
- A Jewish Policy on Church-State Relations – David Novak
- Jewish Law and American Public Policy: A Principled Jewish Law View and Some Practical Jewish Observations – Michael J. Broyde
- Religious Diversity and the Common Good – Alan Wolfe
- Religion and the Public Good – Michael Gottsegen
- Judaism Influencing American Public Philosophy – Elliot N. Dorff
- 9/11 and the Aftershocks: Rethinking American Secularism and Religious Pluralism – Carl A. Raschke
- The Jew in the American Public Square – Mickey Edwards
- From China to Jersey City: Religious Pluralism, Religious Liberty, and Human
Rights – Kevin J. Hasson
- Afterword: Looking Forward: From Jewish Interest to Judaic Principle
– Jonathan Sacks
A Scholars Seminar on “Jews and the American Public Square,” where participants discussed the issues raised in the forthcoming book Religion as a Public Good, was held in Newport, R.I., on June 11-12, 2002.
The final nationwide conference of the Jews and the American Public Square project had been scheduled for September 12-13, 2001, in Washington, D.C., but was cancelled following the events of September 11. Instead, three regional symposia were held in Boston, Los Angeles, and Washington.
Symposia - 2002:
“Jews and the American Public Square: Judaism and Civic Participation in American Life,” Boston College, Boston, March 12, 2002, co-sponsored by the Boisi Center for Religion and American Public Life, the Jewish Community Relations Council of Boston, and CJCS/JCPA.
“Jews and the American Public Square: The Ethics, Law, and Practice of Jewish Civic Engagement,” University of Southern California, Los Angeles, April 11, 2002, co-sponsored by the Casden Institute for the Study of the Jewish Role in American Life, the Los Angeles Board of Rabbis, and CJCS/JCPA.
- Prof. Michael Broyde, Director, Program on Law and Religion, Emory University Law School
- Dr. Michael Gottsegen, CLAL: The National Jewish Center for Learning and Leadership, New York
- Prof. David Novak, J. Richard and Dorothy Schiff Chair of Jewish Studies,
University of Toronto
- Kevin Hasson, Esq., President, Becket Fund for Religious Liberty, Washington, D.C.
“Jews and the American Public Square: Is Religion a Public Good? Four Jewish Views,” Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C., May 9, 2002, co-sponsored by the Ethics and Public Policy Center and CJCS/JCPA.
- Prof. Erwin Chemerinsky, Sydney M. Irmas Professor of Public Interest Law, Legal Ethics, and Political Science, Law School of the University of Southern California
- Prof. Marc Dollinger, Fellow, Center for the Study of Religion, Princeton University, and Professor, Pasadena City College
- Prof. Elliot Dorff, Rector, University of Judaism
- Prof. Mickey Edwards, John Quincy Adams Lecturer in Legislative Practice,
John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
- Prof. William Galston, Director, Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy, University of Maryland
- Prof. Gertrude Himmelfarb, Professor Emerita of History, Graduate School of the City University of New York
- Prof. Barry Kosmin, Director, Jewish Policy Research Institute, London
- Prof. Alan Wolfe, Director, Boisi Center for Religion and American Public Life, Boston College
Center for Jewish Community Studies Website — www.cjcs.net
The Center for Jewish Community Studies project on “Jews and Religion in the American Public Square” includes a descriptive website (www.cjcs.net) offering detailed information about the project.
The site also features extensive polling data taken from a major public opinion survey conducted by JCPA/CJCS Fellow Prof. Steven M. Cohen during the year 2000 on Jewish and general opinion regarding the place of religion in the public square. A follow-up survey of Jewish and non-Jewish attitudes in the Lehigh Valley region of eastern Pennsylvania, a region believed to be representative of the nation as a whole, was undertaken in September 2002.
III. STUDY OF JEWISH COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION
The Canadian Jewish Community
A study of the constitutional documents of organized Canadian Jewry is in preparation. Not Written in Stone: Jews, Constitutions, and Constitutionalism in Canada, edited by the late JCPA/CJCS Founding President Daniel J. Elazar, JCPA/CJCS Fellow Michael Brown, and JCPA/CJCS Associate Ira Robinson, is to be published in 2003 by the University of Ottawa Press. The volume is a companion to A Double Bond: The Constitutional Documents of American Jewry, edited by Daniel J. Elazar, Jonathan Sarna, and Rela G. Monson, and published in 1992.
The French Jewish Community
According to JCPA/CJCS Fellow Shmuel Trigano, in “The Perverse Logic of French Politics,” recent developments in France signify a growing instability in the status of Jews as French citizens, as the authorities distance themselves from the tension between “two immigrant communities” (Muslim and Jewish) that are perceived as foreign to France (VP #479).
IV. PROGRAM IN ISRAEL-DIASPORA RELATIONS/
WORLD JEWISH POLITY
Post-Holocaust and Anti-Semitism
The Jerusalem Center has been investigating the relationship between the way the Jews were received in European society after the Holocaust and the reemergence of anti-Semitism. The Center's Post-Holocaust and Anti-Semitism program analyzes new developments in anti-Semitism, seeks to design strategic responses to them, and disseminates information about them through conferences, lectures, and publications. The program is directed by JCPA Fellow and Steering Committee Chairman Dr. Manfred Gerstenfeld.
Herbert Berman Memorial Symposium
With the support of the family of the late Herbert Berman, an American Jewish leader and faithful friend of the JCPA/CJCS, the Jerusalem Center organized the 2nd Herbert Berman Memorial Symposium, on “New and Recurring Trends in Contemporary Anti-Semitism,” held at the Jerusalem Center on November 13, 2002.
The participants and their topics included:
As a follow-up to the symposium, a series of lectures were presented by leading experts on various aspects of the aftermath of the Holocaust and the new anti-Semitism, attended by a multidisciplinary audience from the fields of political science, contemporary history, law, public affairs, diplomacy, psychology, education, the rabbinate, the business world, and the media. The lectures were followed by lengthy discussions, with more than 150 invitees attending one or more lectures. Speakers and topics in 2002 included:
- Prof. Shlomo Avineri, Hebrew University, “Anti-Semitism and Israel-Europe Relations”
- Prof. Israel Charni, Chairman of the Institute of Holocaust & Genocide Studies, Jerusalem, “From Anti-Semitism to Genocide”
- Dr. Manfred Gerstenfeld, JCPA/CJCS Steering Committee Chairman, “Anti-Semitic Motifs in the Attacks Against Israel”
- Dr. Meir Litvak, Dayan Center, Tel Aviv University, “Anti-Semitism in Arab Countries”
- Prof. Dina Porat, Head of the Stephen Roth Institute for the Study of Contemporary Anti-Semitism and Racism, Tel Aviv University, “Contemporary Trends in Anti-Semitism”
- Housing Minister Natan Sharansky, “Changes in Russian Relations with Israel After the Fall of Communism”
- Prof. Robert Wistrich, Head of the Vidal Sassoon Institute of Anti-Semitism Studies, Hebrew University, “Left and Right Anti-Semitism in Europe”
A joint program was started with the Sephardic Educational Center in Jerusalem to videotape the symposium and several of the lectures. These videos will inter alia be available in the Israel National Library.
- Prof. David Bankier, Director of the International Institute of Holocaust Research at Yad Vashem, “How Anti-Nazi Policy-Makers in Europe Foresaw the Future of the Surviving European Jews,” January 16, 2002
- Judge Hadassa Ben-Itto, President of the International Association of Jewish Lawyers and Jurists, “The Influence of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion – Past and Present,” February 3, 2002
- JCPA/CJCS Fellow Raphael Israeli, Professor of Chinese History and Islamic Civilization at Hebrew University, “A Contemporary Blood Libel – The Arab Hoax and the World Reactions to It,” March 6, 2002
- Dr. Simcha Epstein, a researcher of anti-Semitism at Hebrew University, “New and Old Elements in French Anti-Semitism Today – Monitoring, Analysis, and Struggle,” April 24, 2002
- Dr. Shimon Samuels, Director of International Affairs of the Simon Wiesenthal Center in Paris, “The Protocols of Durban: Foundation of the New Anti-Semitism,” June 20, 2002
- Dr. Arnon Groiss and Prof. Yohanan Manor, vice chairman of the Center for the Study of the Influence of Peace, “Anti-Semitism and Anti-Israel Incitement in Palestinian Textbooks,” July 10, 2002
- Dutch movie director Willy Lindwer screened the world premiere of his documentary “Messengers Without Audience,” dealing with the messengers who informed President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill about the genocide of the Jews in World War II, at JCPA on October 14, 2002, with a second screening on November 20, 2002.
- JCPA/CJCS Overseer Dr. Betsy Gidwitz, “Anti-Semitism in Former Soviet Union Countries” October 27, 2002
- Rabbi Marvin Hier, founder and dean of the Simon Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles and its Museum of Tolerance, “Confronting Anti-Semitism in the International Arena,” November 26, 2002
Post-Holocaust and Anti-Semitism
A new monthly publication entitled Post-Holocaust and Anti-Semitism was begun, featuring essays or interviews with leading experts. Issues of the publication appearing in 2002 included:
- Interview with Rabbi Michael Melchior, “The Israeli Government, Holocaust Issues, and Anti-Semitism” (No. 1, October 2002)
- Manfred Gerstenfeld, “Anti-Semitic Motifs in Anti-Israelism” (No. 2, November 2002)
- Interview with Yehuda Bauer, “From Propagating Myths to Research, Preparing for Holocaust Education” (No. 3, December 2002)
Jewish Political Studies Review on “Post-Holocaust Issues”
The Fall 2002 issue of Jewish Political Studies Review (Vol. 14, Nos. 3-4), edited by Manfred Gerstenfeld, was devoted to “Post-Holocaust Issues,” with articles looking at the way Jews were received back into Western societies after the Holocaust, moral and financial restitution, psychological rehabilitation, the prosecution of war criminals, the attitude toward Holocaust memory, and Holocaust education. Several of the lectures from the Herbert Berman Memorial Symposium and lecture series were published in this issue.
Several lectures from the Herbert Berman project were published in Kivunim Hadashim.
A book entitled Europe's Crumbling Myths: Today's Anti-Semitism's Post-Holocaust Origins, by JCPA/CJCS Steering Committee Chairman Dr. Manfred Gerstenfeld, is now in preparation, to be published jointly by the JCPA, Yad Vashem, and the World Jewish Congress.
Dr. Manfred Gerstenfeld reviews “Europe's Moral Attitudes toward the Holocaust in Light of the Current Defamation of Israel” (VP #475).
In addition, program director Dr. Manfred Gerstenfeld made presentations to a number of forums. In April he participated in Yad Vashem's third international conference on “The Legacy of the Holocaust Survivors,” speaking on Europe's “moral restitution” for the Holocaust in light of the current defamation of Israel. In December he participated in Yad Vashem's international conference on “Confronting History – The Historical Commissions of Inquiry,” speaking on “The Jews' Unfinished Moral Battle for Dutch Post-War Memory.” He also participated in December at the Hebrew University's Vidal Sassoon Center international conference on anti-Semitism, speaking on “Anti-Semitism and Hypocrisy in the Netherlands.”
Research on Academic Boycott
A joint project of the Jerusalem Center and the World Jewish Congress was begun in 2002 to undertake a preliminary study on the major aspects of the anti-Israel boycott and other discriminatory actions against Jews and Israel.
International Jewish Women's Human Rights Watch
While ancient Jewish law was designed to protect and support Jewish women, today that same law is being used by some as a tool to deny women their rights to equality in marriage, divorce, and the founding of a family. The International Jewish Women's Human Rights Watch (IJWHRW), a JCPA project cosponsored by the International Council of Jewish Women (ICJW), is directed by Sharon Shenhav, an international women's rights lawyer and recognized expert on marriage and divorce in Jewish law who has represented hundreds of women in rabbinical courts in Israel.
IJWHRW Director Elected to Commission on Appointment of Religious Judges
“For the first time in history, the committee for appointment of dayanim (Jewish religious judges) will include a woman, representing women's organizations in Israel,” reported Ha'aretz newspaper (December 13, 2002). In December 2002, IJWHRW Director Sharon Shenhav was elected by the Israel Bar Association to be one of its two representatives on the Government Commission on the Appointment of Dayanim, and she will be the only woman on the ten-person commission. Ha'aretz continued: “Shenhav says that she will seek the appointment of dayanim who are both well versed in halakhah and in aspects of civil law associated with divorce, such as child developmental psychology and property rights.”
IJWHRW Activities in 2002
During 2002, IJWHRW Director Sharon Shenhav spearheaded a wide range of activities to raise awareness of the problems of agunot – women who are unable to remarry because their husbands refuse to grant them a religious divorce.
In April and May 2002, Shenhav was a resident scholar at the Rockefeller Foundation's Study Center in Bellagio, Italy, writing a book on “The Use of Human Rights as a Strategy to Eliminate Discrimination Against Women in Jewish Divorce.” During her stay, she met with women's rights lawyers from several Muslim countries as well as UN experts on women's human rights. On May 14, 2002, Shenhav met with leaders of the Milan, Italy, Jewish community to discuss the issue of agunot. Also in May 2002, over 50 members of the Jewish Orthodox Feminist Alliance (JOFA) in the U.S. attended a session on “Agunot Today” at the offices of IJWHRW in Jerusalem.
In June 2002, Shenhav joined 70 women at a two-day conference entitled “Women Generate Changes in Tradition and Religion” at the Konrad Adenauer Conference Center in Jerusalem. Also in June, she was part of a delegation of lawyers from the Israel Bar Association Committee on Rabbinical Courts that met with Chief Rabbi Israel Lau and a delegation of dayanim to discuss problems in the operation of the religious courts.
When the JOFA held its Fourth International Conference on Feminism and Orthodoxy in New York City on November 9-11, 2002, Shenhav spoke at a session entitled “Breaking the Chains: Halakhic Remedies for Agunot.” Also in November, while in Washington, D.C., Shenhav met with members of the Catholic University of America School of Law faculty to discuss a joint project with their Interdisciplinary Program in Law and Religion on the subject of “Religious Law and Family Law.”
V. PROGRAM IN THE JEWISH POLITICAL TRADITION
The Jewish Political Tradition and Its Contemporary Implications
A three-day international conference in memory of Prof. Daniel J. Elazar was held at Bar-Ilan University, JCPA, and the Yitzhak Ben-Zvi Institute to discuss “The Jewish Political Tradition and Its Contemporary Implications,” on May 28-30, 2002. Participants and topics included:
- Rabbi Elisha Aviner, Head of Yeshivat Birkat Moshe, Maale Adumim, “Religious Coercion in a Non-Religious Society”
- JCPA/CJCS Fellow Prof. Ella Belfer, Bar-Ilan University, “Trends in Defining Jewish National Identity”
- JCPA/CJCS Fellow Prof. Yaakov Blidstein, Ben-Gurion University, “Yeshiva Discourse and Academic Discourse in Interpreting the Term 'Accepting Noah's Seven Commandments' in Rambam's Writings”
- Prof. Stuart Cohen, Bar-Ilan University, “The Three Crowns – A Framework for Jewish Political Organization?”
- Prof. Tova Cohen, Bar-Ilan University, “Female Religious Leadership in Israel”
- JCPA/CJCS Associate Prof. Irwin Cotler, McGill University, “Israel, the UN, and Human Rights”
- JCPA/CJCS Associate Prof. Eliezer Don-Yehiya, Bar-Ilan University, “The Difference between the 'King's Law' and 'Torah Law' According to the Ran – Can It Be Implemented in the State of Israel?”
- Prof. Menachem Fisch, Tel Aviv University, “Jewish Law, Sovereignty, and the Covenant Controversy”
- Prof. Menachem Friedman, Bar-Ilan University, “The Crisis of Orthodoxy and the Leadership of Torah Scholars”
- JCPA/CJCS Steering Committee Chairman Dr. Manfred Gerstenfeld, “The Usage of Jewish Sources in the Political Writings of Prof. Daniel J. Elazar”
- Prof. Yosef Gorny, Tel Aviv University, “Autonomism as the Essence of the Jewish National Movement”
- Prof. Ze'ev Harvey, Hebrew University, “Rights and Obligations in the Rambam's Writings”
- Moshe Hellinger, Bar-Ilan University, “The Ideal State According to Rabbi Kook: Traditional and Modern Aspects”
- Rabbi Aharon Lichtenstein, Head of Yeshivat Har-Etzion, Alon Shvut, “To Clarify 'And Avoid All Bad Things': The Limits of Conduct in War”
- Prof. Yeshayahu Liebman, Bar-Ilan University, “Jewish Identity”
- Prof. Berachyahu Lipshitz, Hebrew University, “Alternative Law to Torah Law”
- Prof. Ehud Luz, Haifa University, “Jewish Morality and the Public Controversy on the Use of Force by Israel”
- Prof. Nachum Rakover, Bar-Ilan University, “Law Tradition in Israel: Did Halakhic Thought Develop the Term of 'Forbidden War'?”
- Prof. Avi Ravitzky, Hebrew University, “Has Jewish Legal Thought Developed on the Idea of 'Forbidden War'”
- Prof. Shalom Rosenberg, Hebrew University, “Covenant and Treaty in the Writings of Rabbi Soloveitchik and Rabbi Yosef Albo”
- Prof. Avi Sagi, Bar-Ilan University, “Tradition as Interpretation”
- JCPA/CJCS Fellow Prof. Shmuel Sandler, Bar-Ilan University, “Toward a Theory of a World Jewish Politics”
- Prof. Dov Schwartz, Bar-Ilan University, “Leo Strauss and the Jewish Political Tradition”
- JCPA/CJCS Fellow Prof. Eliezer Schweid, Hebrew University, “The State of Israel as the State of the Jewish People”
- Rabbi Yuval Sharlo, Bar-Ilan University, “Can the Bible Serve as the Source of Political Teachings?”
- Prof. Danny Stetman, Bar-Ilan University, “The Right to the Land – Religious and Other Considerations”
- JCPA/CJCS Associate Prof. Baruch Susser, Bar-Ilan University, “The Political Outlook of Buber – An Expression of the Jewish Political Tradition?”
- JCPA/CJCS Fellow Prof. Shmuel Trigano, University of Paris, “The Covenant – Politics Beyond Democracy”
Jewish Environmental Perspectives
Jewish Environmental Perspectives, a series of reports initiated in 2001 by JCPA/CJCS Steering Committee Chairman Dr. Manfred Gerstenfeld, reflects the growing interest in the relation of the Jewish tradition to environmental issues. Reports in this series published in 2002 include:
- The Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) and the Environment, Manfred Gerstenfeld (No. 3, January 2002)
- Judaism's Approach to Environmental Quality, Yehudah Leo Levi (No. 4, April 2002)
- Nature and the Environment in Hasidic Sources, Manfred Gerstenfeld and Netanel Lederberg (No. 5, October 2002)
VI. ISRAEL'S INTERNAL AGENDA
Trends in the Political Map of Israel
Discussions at a conference on “Trends in the Political Map of Israel,” held on November 5, 2001 and sponsored by JCPA and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, were published in 2002 in Hebrew and English. Participants and topics included:
In addition, former Cabinet Minister MK Haim Ramon reviewed the Israeli political scene after the change in the electoral system abolishing direct election of the prime minister, and predicted that the change would harm the prospects of his party – the Labor party, in “Israel's Political Map: After Cancellation of Direct Election of the Prime Minister” (VP #471).
- Deputy Minister of Immigrant Absorption Yuli Edelstein, “The Rise of the Sectoral Parties: Positive Aspects”
- MK Zevulun Orlev, “Ideological Sectoralism”
- MK Moshe Gafni, “Large Parties as a Necessity for Stable Government”
- JCPA/CJCS Overseer Uriel Lynn, Esq., “Cancellation of the Direct Election Law – A Solution to the Deficiencies of the System?”
- Minister of Health Nissim Dahan, “Sectoralism as an Expression of Continuing Discrimination”
- Dr. Hillel Frisch, “The Arab Parties and the Israeli-Arab Conflict”
- Journalist Shalom Yerushalmi, “The Direct Election Law and the Rise of the Sectoral Parties”
- JCPA/CJCS Fellow Prof. Nathan Yanai, “Reciprocal Relations between the New Political Map and Israeli Society”
- Pollster Dr. Mina Tzemach, “The Rise of the Sectoral Parties: Projections for the Future”
- JCPA/CJCS Associate Prof. Eliezer Don-Yehiya, “Trends in the Israeli Party System”
- MK Haim Ramon, “Israel's Political Map: After Cancellation of Direct Election of the Prime Minister”
Israel's Political Economy
Dr. Yitzhak Klein proposes specific budget cuts to restore the health of Israel's economy in “Needed: Leadership for Growth” (VP #488).
Minority Rights in Israel
Basing his position on Jewish values, JCPA/CJCS Vice President Prof. Gerald B. Bubis calls upon the Israeli government to serve its Israeli Arab citizens equally in “Israeli Arabs: Expectations and Realities” (VP #478).
JCPA/CJCS Associate Zeidan Atashi warns in “The Islamic Arab Minority in the Jewish State” (VP #480) that the Arab citizens of Israel are gradually being swept up by radical Muslim movements that subscribe to fantasies about eradicating Israel, but it is hopefully not too late to strengthen the Arab leadership that seeks to pursue peace.
Water in Israel and the Region – Scenarios for the Year 2020
The Jerusalem Center is preparing a comprehensive, multidisciplinary study on the issue of water in Israel and the Middle East, presenting the views of leading experts from the hydrological, economic, and strategic perspectives, including projections and recommendations for water policy. Preparation of the volume, to appear in Hebrew and English, is being undertaken in cooperation with the office of Ronald S. Lauder. The book's contents include:
- “A New Middle East Water Initiative,” Ronald S. Lauder
- “Water in Middle Eastern Diplomacy,” Dore Gold
- “Water Resources of Israel and Their State as of Fall 2000,” Eliyahu Rosenthal
- “Climate Changes in the Past, Present, and Future, and their Effect on Water Resources in the Middle East,” Arie Issar
- “The Expected Effect of Hi-Tech Irrigation on Water Availability in the Year 2020,” Yiftach Ben-Asher
- “Salinity of Water Resources in Israel: Current Level, Future Prospects, and Mechanisms of Water Quality Deterioration,” Avner Vengosh
- “The Kinneret,” Zvi Ortenberg
- “Identification and Allocation of Water Sources in Joint International Aquifers: The Arava Reservoir, Jordan, and Israel,” Elon Adar
- “The Water Delivery System from the State's Perspective,” Shimon Seroussi
- “Water Economics and Technical-Economic Considerations in the Privatization of Water Systems,” Shimon Seroussi
- “Regional Cooperation and Possible Projects in the Field of Water,” Shimon Seroussi
- “The Interrelationship between Energy and Water Delivery,” Amit Mor
- “The Strategic Aspects of Water in the Arab-Israeli Conflict,” Uri Sagi and David Schattner
- “The Strategic Priority for Israel of Creating Additional Water,” Meir Ben Meir
VII. PRIVATIZATION IN THE ISRAELI ECONOMY
The Jerusalem Center has become the country's leading institution for initiatives on the adoption of privatization in the Israeli economy, and the extensive series of conferences and publications we have sponsored is having a widening impact on Israeli thinking. The ten volumes published in this series comprise the most important professional literature on this subject available in Israel. Parts of this program and its publications have been sponsored by the Milken Institute, the Koret Foundation, and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. The project is directed by JCPA/CJCS Fellow and Director General Zvi Marom; the academic director is Prof. Ben-Zion Zilberfarb, former director general of the Israel Ministry of Finance.
2002 saw the publication of two volumes based on conferences held in 2001 as part of the JCPA program on privatization. Topics and speakers are listed below:
Privatization and Workers' Rights
- Minister of Regional Cooperation Tzippi Livni
- “Workers' Rights – The National Perspective,” Prof. Efraim Torgovnik
- “The Government Perspective,” Yuval Rachlevski
- “The Workers' Perspective,” Efraim Ziloni
- “Legal Aspects,” Hadara Bar Mor
- “Workers' Rights in Companies to be Privatized,” Prof. Yakir Plessner
- “The Workers' Position (1),” MK Haim Katz
- “The Workers' Position (2),” Zion Shema
- “The Government Sector's Position,” Nir Gilad
Privatization in Local Government: Ashkelon and Other Municipalities
- “Overview of Privatization in Local Authorities,” Arye Hecht
- “Processes in Privatization,” Amihai Ben Dror
- “Advantages of Privatization,” Yaakov Efrati
- “Models of Municipal Privatization,” Benny Vaknin
- “Privatization (Outsourcing) – The Experience of Ashkelon,” Avraham Ben David
- “Outsourcing: The Experience of the Katzrin Local Council,” Shmuel Bar Lev
- “Privatization: Joint Projects,” Avraham Ben David
- “Waste Treatment in Ashkelon: A Joint Project of the City of Ashkelon and Mekorot Water Company,” Tzion Cohen
- “Joint Initiatives with Other Companies,” Yehoshua Hazenpertz
- “Models of Financing for Urban Development Projects: The American Experience,” Glenn Yago
- "Urban Corporations and Joint Initiatives with Business Enterprises,” Haim Turgeman
- “Privatization in Local Government from the Perspective of an Urban Economic Corporation,” Hillel Granot
- “Privatization in Local Government from the Perspective of a Mayor,” Ron Nachman
- “Privatization in Local Government from the Perspective of the Ministry of Interior,” Anna Hazan
- “The Relationship between the Business Sector and the Municipal Authority,” Hagai Shefer
- “Privatization in Local Government: Legal Aspects,” Noa Ben Arye
Methods and Models of Privatization
On January 2, 2002, a closed roundtable for 60 selected experts was held at JCPA in Jerusalem on “Methods and Models of Privatization,” in cooperation with the Koret Foundation. Participants included Yaron Jacobs, Director of the Government Companies Authority; David Hermesh, Director General of El Al Israel Airlines; Yitzhak Klein, Director General of M.I. Holdings, who is in charge of privatizing the major banks in Israel; and JCPA privatization program academic director Prof. Ben Zion Zilberfarb. The proceedings appeared in 2002 as the eighth volume in our privatization series.
The Application of Environmental Finance in the Israeli Setting:
On June 10, 2002, a conference on “The Application of Environmental Finance in the Israeli Setting: The Yarqon River as a Case Study,” sponsored by the Milken Institute, was held at Tel Aviv University in cooperation with the university and the Tel Aviv-Los Angeles Partnership. Participants included Environment Minister Tzachi Hanegbi, Finance Ministry Director General Ohad Marani, and other Israeli and international experts. The proceedings will be published by JCPA in 2003 in a Hebrew-English edition. Topics and speakers included:
The Yarqon River as a Case Study
- “The Plan to Restore the Yarqon and Financing Requirements,” David Pargament
- “Economic Development of the Yarqon River,” Gadi Rosenthal
- “Authority of Local Government in Matters of Environmental Quality, Obstacles and Attempts to Find Solutions,” Shai Viner
- “Water and River Basin Resource Management: The Urgency of Innovation in Israel,” Judge Abraham D. Sofaer
- “Challenges Facing the Yarqon River Authority,” Daniel Benel
VIII. TEACHING AND OUTREACH
Jerusalem Center Conferences, Workshops, Seminars, and Forums
- Anthony Cordesman, Senior Fellow for Strategic Assessment at the Center for Strategic and International Studies at Georgetown University, spoke on “The U.S. War on Terrorism – The Axis of Evil, Iran, and Iraq,” on May 20, 2002.
- Over 50 members of the Jewish Orthodox Feminist Alliance (JOFA) in the U.S. attended a session on “Agunot Today” at the offices of the International Jewish Women's Human Rights Watch in Jerusalem on May 22, 2002. Speakers included Susan Weiss, Director of Yad L'Isha; Debbie Gross, Director of the Crisis Center for Religious Women; Rabbi Diana Villa, Center for Women in Jewish Law, Schechter Institute for Jewish Studies; and IJWHRW Director Sharon Shenhav.
- Former U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Jack Kemp spoke at the Jerusalem Center on “Israel and the World Economy: Looking Forward,” on October 9, 2002.
- Former U.S. Ambassador to the UN Richard Holbrooke participated in a dinner and roundtable discussion at the Jerusalem Center on November 10, 2002.
- “Human Rights and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict” was the subject of a study evening in memory of Professor Daniel J. Elazar, held on December 8, 2002. The main speaker was JCPA/CJCS Associate, Professor Irwin Cotler of McGill University, a member of the Canadian Parliament and an expert on international law and human rights. Howard Weisband, JCPA Fellow and Director General, UIA of Canada, presented a tribute to Prof. Elazar.
- JCPA/CJCS Fellow Prof. Steven Windmueller, Director of the Irwin Daniels School of Jewish Communal Service and Adjunct Associate Professor of Jewish Communal Studies at the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Los Angeles, spoke at the Jerusalem Center on December 24, 2002, on “Changes in American Jewish Attitudes After 9/11.”
The Jerusalem Center regularly hosts important visiting groups seeking information. In 2002, groups briefed by JCPA's President and others included:
Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations
Israel Policy Forum
United Jewish Communities
U.S. Congressional delegations
JCPA/CJCS and the Media
The media play an important role in JCPA/CJCS's overall program. In 2002, individuals affiliated with JCPA/CJCS contributed to or were interviewed by numerous newspapers, magazines, radio and television networks, and news agencies. In addition, numerous foreign journalists have visited the Jerusalem Center over the past year.
Media in which our people and ideas were prominently featured included:
Newspapers and Magazines
National Post (Canada)
New York Times
Rocky Mountain News
Wall Street Journal
NHK Japanese TV
JCPA's Website — www.jcpa.org
The Jerusalem Center has made a major investment in its website – www.jcpa.org – in order to harness the power of the Internet as a tool to reach the widest possible audience with the products of our research. All recent issues of our most important serial publications are available on-line in full text, including the Jerusalem Viewpoints and Jerusalem Issue Briefs series, the complete archives of the Daily Alert, and other major JCPA publications.
In view of our extensive, expanding selection of content, the traffic to our website has increased significantly, from 37,721 pageviews in January 2002 to 83,470 pageviews in December 2002.
Yet the statistics tell only part of the story. The responses of individuals, like that of the Jewish educator below, explain the meaning behind the numbers:
Dear, dear Jerusalem Center,
Please accept the gratitude of a weary but determined teacher of Jewish studies for your exceptional work. I just "discovered" your site, and it is with joyous relief and great respect for the extraordinary work you are doing that I can send my students your way.
Daniel Elazar Papers On-Line Library
JCPA/CJCS Founder Daniel J. Elazar was the father of Jewish political studies. He wrote extensively about the existence of an authentic Jewish political tradition and looked at the entire Jewish world through the eyes of a professionally-trained American political scientist. His writings also appeal to students of American studies with his descriptions of American political culture, to Protestant theologians with his discussion of the covenant idea, and to South Africans and Spaniards with his explanations of federal relations.
The Jerusalem Center has made available on the Internet some 240 of his most important articles and book excerpts -- as a major educational resource and as a tribute to his memory. This undertaking is part of the Daniel Elazar Memorial and was made possible through the assistance of Mandell Berman, Betsy Gidwitz, and Michael Rukin.
You may browse or search the Daniel Elazar On-Line Library for a wealth of content, written with impressive clarity of thought and perspective. Click here for the Daniel Elazar On-Line Library.
Milken Library of Jewish Public Affairs
The Milken Library of Jewish Public Affairs, sponsored by the Milken Family Foundation of Los Angeles, includes books of major significance on current issues confronting Israel and the Jewish people, treated in broad historical and comparative perspective and based on studies undertaken at the Jerusalem Center.
Milken Library publications in 2002 are listed below. Click here for a complete list of all Milken Library publications.
Milken Library 2002
Jewish Political Studies Review, Volume 14
No. 1-2 (Spring 2002): “Jewish Politics and Community-Building in the Former Soviet Union”; 160 pp.
No. 3-4 (Fall 2002): “Post-Holocaust Issues”; 182 pp.
Other JCPA/CJCS Publications in 2002
Privatization in Local Government: Ashkelon and Other Municipalities (Hebrew)
JCPA, Milken Institute, and Koret Foundation, 130 pp.
Privatization and Workers' Rights (Hebrew)
JCPA and Konrad Adenauer Foundation, 90 pp.
Trends in the Political Map of Israel (Hebrew and English)
JCPA and Konrad Adenauer Foundation, 80 pp.
Models and Methods of Privatization (Hebrew)
JCPA, Milken Institute, and Koret Foundation, 80 pp.
Jewish Polity and American Civil Society: Communal Agencies and Religious Movements in the American Public Square
Alan Mittleman, Jonathan Sarna, and Robert Licht, eds.
CJCS/Rowman & Littlefield, 432 pp.
Jews and the American Public Square: Debating Religion and Republic
Alan Mittleman, Jonathan Sarna, and Robert Licht, eds.
CJCS/Rowman & Littlefield, 384 pp.
Jewish Political Studies Review
The Jewish Political Studies Review is published as part of the Milken Library of Jewish Public Affairs.
Two double special issues of the Jewish Political Studies Review appeared in 2002. Volume 14, Numbers 1-2 (Spring 2002) was devoted to “Jewish Politics and Community-Building in the Former Soviet Union,” edited by JCPA Associate Vladimir Khanin. Volume 14, Numbers 3-4 (Fall 2002) focused on “Post-Holocaust Issues,” edited by JCPA Steering Committee Chairman Dr. Manfred Gerstenfeld.
A listing of the contents of both double issues follows:
Volume 14, Numbers 1-2 (Spring 2002)
“Jewish Politics and Community-Building in the Former Soviet Union”
- Institutionalization of the Post-Communist Jewish Movement: Organizational Structures, Ruling Elites, and Political Conflicts – Vladimir (Ze'ev) Khanin
- Organized National Life of Russian Jews in the Late Soviet and Post-Soviet Era: A View from Moscow – Eugene Satanovsky
- The Phoenix Revisited – The Jewish Community of Russia Since Perestroika: A View from Jerusalem – Theodore H. Friedgut
- Welfare Policy and Social Security in Post-Communist Jewish Communities: The Case of Ukraine – Yosef Zissels
- Spiritual Potential of the Communal Revival: Yiddish Culture and Post-Soviet Jewry – Velvl Chernin
- Principles of Teaching Hebrew and Jewish Subjects to Russian Speakers in the FSU and Israel – Michael Yedavitsky
Volume 14, Numbers 3-4 (Fall 2002)
- Europe's Bias: From the Holocaust's Aftermath to Today's Anti-Semitism – Manfred Gerstenfeld
- The Jews in Plans for Post-War Germany – David Bankier
- Ernst Nolte and the Memory of the Shoah – Sergio I. Minerbi
- Sweden's Refusal to Prosecute Nazi War Criminals: 1986-2002 – Efraim Zuroff
- Emotional Wounds that Never Heal – Nathan Durst
- Penitence and Prejudice: The Roman Catholic Church and Jedwabne – Laurence Weinbaum
- At Issue: Historians Receiving Gifts and the Historiography of the Holocaust – Robert Kaplan
X. JCPA/CJCS GENERAL SUPPORT, SPECIAL GIFTS,
PROJECT GRANTS, AND JEWISH COMMUNITY
JCPA/CJCS expresses its deep appreciation to those who contributed to our work and operations in the form of general support for the period January 1, 2002 -- December 31, 2002.
Ronald S. Lauder / Milken Family Foundation / Nina Rosenwald / Robert Russell Memorial Foundation / Dr. Bernard Salick
Abramowitz Family Foundation / Beverly Baker / Newton and Rochelle Becker / Mandell and Madge Berman Foundation / Crown Family Foundation / Max Fisher / Jewish Community Federation of San Francisco / Jewish Federation of Metropolitan Chicago
Ronald H. Kaufman / Frank and Freda Schochet / Samuel and Helene Soref Foundation
Bennett Aaron / Jack Belz / Harold Berry / Mark and Gloria Bieler / Betsy Gidwitz / Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Groveman / Lieberman-Okinow Foundation / Sara Mayer / Dr. and Mrs. Peter Shifrin / Steven L. Stern / Lawrence and Barbie Weinberg / Mr. and Mrs. Louis I. Zorensky / Jewish Welfare Federation of Detroit
Arthur Aeder /
Gary and Connie Bachman /
Julius and Ray Charlestein
Rabbi Morris Dembowitz /
Irwin Field /
Milton S. Fix /
Herbert Glaser /
Betsy Kaplan /
Samson Krupnik /
Edward M. Landa /
H. Irwin Levy /
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Liss /
Rabbi Jacob Luski /
Benjamin Nahum /
Veronica Vita Prensky /
Marsha Slavitt /
Tauber Enterprises /
Steven L. Valenstein /
Harry and Jeanette Weinberg
Richard L. Wexler /
Jewish Federation of Greater
United Jewish Federation of Pittsburgh
* We apologize for any omissions or incorrect listings and thank you for bringing them to our attention.
JCPA/CJCS recognizes those individuals and institutions that provided grants for specific JCPA/CJCS projects from January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2002:
|Institute for Contemporary Affairs||Wechsler Family Foundation|
|Daily Alert||Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations|
Access Middle East
Human Rights and the Peace Process ||Delsa Weiner|
|International Jewish Women's Human Rights Watch || International Council of Jewish Women |
|Jews and the American Public Square ||Pew Charitable Trusts|
|Contribution of the Teachers' Seminaries of the Hesder Yeshivot to the National Religious Educational Stream and the Community ||Milken Family Foundation|
Ministry of Education
|Milken Library of Jewish Public Affairs ||Milken Family Foundation|
|Privatization Workshops and Publication of Proceedings ||Milken Institute|
|Water in Israel and the Region -- Scenarios for the Year 2020||Ronald S. Lauder
|Post-Holocaust and Anti-Semitism ||Daisy Berman|
|Jewish Environmental Perspectives ||Anonymous|
XI. JCPA OVERSEERS, OFFICERS, FELLOWS, ASSOCIATES,
Founding President - Daniel J. Elazar (1976-1999)